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Does a woman get cervical cancer

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Every year, nearly 13, women in the U. January marks Cervical Health Awareness Month. In collaboration with the American Cancer Society , healthcare organizations across the country are actively fighting cervical cancer on all fronts. At Frederick Regional Health System , we believe it all starts with education. This month, join us in learning more about cervical health and what you can do to prevent cervical cancer. Cervical cancer starts in the cells lining the cervix, or the lower part of the uterus.

SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: Preventing Cervical Cancer

Content:

How Do You Know If You Have Cervical Cancer?

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Skip to Content. Use the menu to see other pages. A risk factor is anything that increases a person's chance of developing cancer. Although risk factors often influence the development of cancer, most do not directly cause cancer.

Some people with several risk factors never develop cancer, while others with no known risk factors do. Knowing your risk factors and talking about them with your doctor may help you make more informed lifestyle and health care choices. Human papillomavirus HPV infection. The most important risk factor for cervical cancer is infection with HPV. HPV is common. Most people are infected with HPV when they become sexually active, and most people clear the virus without problems.

There are over different types of HPV. Not all of them are linked to cancer. Starting to have sex at an earlier age or having multiple sexual partners puts a person at higher risk of being infected with high-risk HPV types.

Immune system deficiency. Women with lowered immune systems have a higher risk of developing cervical cancer. A lowered immune system can be caused by immune suppression from corticosteroid medications, organ transplantation, treatments for other types of cancer, or from the human immunodeficiency virus HIV , which is the virus that causes acquired immune deficiency syndrome AIDS.

When a woman has HIV, her immune system is less able to fight off early cancer. Women who have genital herpes have a higher risk of developing cervical cancer. Women who smoke are about twice as likely to develop cervical cancer as women who do not smoke. People younger than 20 years old rarely develop cervical cancer. The risk goes up between the late teens and mids. Socioeconomic factors. Cervical cancer is more common among groups of women who are less likely to have access to screening for cervical cancer.

Those populations are more likely to include black women, Hispanic women, American Indian women, and women from low-income households.

Oral contraceptives. Some research studies suggest that oral contraceptives, which are birth control pills, may be associated with an increase in the risk of cervical cancer. However, more research is needed to understand how oral contraceptive use and the development of cervical cancer are connected.

Exposure to diethylstilbestrol DES. Women whose mothers were given this drug during pregnancy to prevent miscarriage have an increased risk of developing a rare type of cancer of the cervix or vagina.

DES was given for this purpose from about to Women exposed to DES should have an annual pelvic examination that includes a cervical Pap test as well as a 4-quadrant Pap test, in which samples of cells are taken from all sides of the vagina to check for abnormal cells.

Research continues to look into what factors cause this type of cancer, including ways to prevent it, and what women can do to lower their personal risk.

There is no proven way to completely prevent this disease, but there may be steps you can take to lower your cancer risk.

Talk with your health care team if you have concerns about your personal risk of developing cervical cancer. The next section in this guide is Screening and Prevention. It explains how tests may find precancer and cancer before signs and symptoms appear.

Use the menu to choose a different section to read in this guide. The following factors may raise a woman's risk of developing cervical cancer: Human papillomavirus HPV infection. Types of Cancer. Cervical Cancer Guide. Net Guide Cervical Cancer. Medical Illustrations. Risk Factors. Screening and Prevention. Symptoms and Signs. Types of Treatment. About Clinical Trials. Latest Research. Coping with Treatment. Follow-Up Care. Questions to Ask the Health Care Team. Additional Resources. View All Pages.

Find a Cancer Doctor.

Everything You Need to Know About Cervical Cancer

Skip to Content. Use the menu to see other pages. Most women do not have any signs or symptoms of a precancer.

All A-Z health topics. View all pages in this section. Whether you're in your 20s or 90s, we've got you covered!

Cervical cancer affects the entrance to the womb. The cervix is the narrow part of the lower uterus, often referred to as the neck of the womb. The American Cancer Society estimates that doctors will make 13, new diagnoses of cervical cancer by the end of in the United States. More than 4, women in the U.

Cervical Cancer Overview

Back to Health A to Z. Cervical cancer develops in a woman's cervix the entrance to the womb from the vagina. It mainly affects sexually active women aged between 30 and Abnormal bleeding does not mean you have cervical cancer, but you should see a GP as soon as possible to get it checked out. If a GP thinks you might have cervical cancer, you should be referred to see a specialist within 2 weeks. The best way to protect yourself from cervical cancer is by attending cervical screening previously known as a "smear test" when invited. Women aged 25 to 49 are offered screening every 3 years, and those aged 50 to 64 are offered screening every 5 years.

What Causes Cervical Cancer?

Cervical cancer can be prevented! Vaccination, regular screening and treatment of precancerous lesions protect women from developing cancer. Cervical cancer can be cured! Timely diagnosis and treatment of early-stage cancer has a high potential for cure. Vaccination of adolescents against HPV is safe and prevents cervical cancer.

Cervical cancer is cancer that starts in the cervix, the narrow opening into the uterus from the vagina. Most cervical cancers 80 to 90 percent are squamous cell cancers.

Cervical cancer does not typically cause noticeable symptoms in the early stages of the disease. Most women are advised to get a Pap test starting at age The Pap test is one of the most reliable and effective cancer screening methods available, and women should have yearly exams by an OB-GYN. However, the Pap test may not detect some cases of abnormal cells in the cervix.

Cervical cancer symptoms

The cervix is the name for the lowest part of the uterus. Only women have a uterus. The uterus is where a baby grows and develops when a woman is pregnant.

Cancer is a disease in which cells in the body grow out of control. Cancer is always named for the part of the body where it starts, even if it spreads to other body parts later. When cancer starts in the cervix, it is called cervical cancer. The cervix connects the vagina birth canal to the upper part of the uterus. The uterus or womb is where a baby grows when a woman is pregnant. All women are at risk for cervical cancer.

What you need to know about cervical cancer

Cervical cancer is a type of cancer that develops in a woman's cervix the entrance to the womb from the vagina. Cancer of the cervix often has no symptoms in its early stages. Abnormal bleeding doesn't mean that you definitely have cervical cancer, but it should be investigated by your GP as soon as possible. If your GP thinks you might have cervical cancer, you should be referred to see a specialist within two weeks. Over the course of many years, the cells lining the surface of the cervix undergo a series of changes. In rare cases, these precancerous cells can become cancerous.

Jan 3, - Cancers can be caused by DNA mutations (gene defects) that turn on Most women with HPV don't get cervical cancer, and other risk factors.

January 22, January is Cervical Cancer Awareness month and the message from the Centers from Disease Control and Prevention is that "no woman should die from cervical cancer. It can be cured if found early and treated. It's estimated that about 79 million Americans have HPV, and many don't know they're infected.

Basic Information About Cervical Cancer

Skip to Content. Use the menu to see other pages. A risk factor is anything that increases a person's chance of developing cancer.

Cervical cancer

Back to Cervical cancer. Almost all cases of cervical cancer are caused by the human papillomavirus HPV. HPV is spread during sexual intercourse and other types of sexual activity, such as skin-to-skin contact of the genital areas or using sex toys, and is very common. Some types of HPV do not cause any noticeable symptoms and the infection will pass without treatment.

Cervical cancer is a type of cancer that occurs in the cells of the cervix — the lower part of the uterus that connects to the vagina. Various strains of the human papillomavirus HPV , a sexually transmitted infection, play a role in causing most cervical cancer.

When cells in the cervix become abnormal and multiply rapidly, cervical cancer can develop. Cervical cancer can be life-threatening if it goes undetected or untreated. A specific type of virus called human papilloma virus HPV causes almost all of the cases of cervical cancer. Your doctor can screen for this virus and precancerous cells, and they can suggest treatments that can prevent cancer from occurring.

Facts women and men should know about cervical cancer

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